Whether you are a spouse, parent, child, grandparent, unmarried couple or same-sex partner, this section provides information on a variety of family law topics, such as divorce, annulment, child custody, placement, maintenance and support, adoption, paternity, post judgment modifications, domestic violence cases and grandparents rights.
What Should I Look for in a Good Divorce Lawyer?
According to the Divorce pamphlet produced by the State Bar of Wisconsin: "Contrary to what many people believe, good divorce lawyers don't push their clients into full-scale war. This only leaves behind damage and resentment that can linger for years. The best outcome is a divorce that allows two people to begin to heal and get on with their lives. Toward that end, divorce attorneys help their clients settle their divorce, if at all possible, rather than go to trial."
What Are the Basics in a Divorce?
Wisconsin is a no-fault divorce state. This means that the court is not interested in why a party is seeking a divorce. The court however, must be convinced that the marriage is irretrievably broken. In other words, the court will grant the divorce if there is no reasonable prospect that the married couple can reconcile their differences.
Who has the authority to make major decisions for a child?. "Major decisions" include consent to marry, consent to enter military service, consent to obtain a driver's license, authorization for non-emergency health care and choice of school and religion. If both parents have equal decision-making authority, this is called "joint legal custody." If one parent has the right to make major decisions, this is called "sole legal custody."Physical Placement:
The person who has physical placement makes decisions regarding the child's care while the child is physically placed with him or her. These decisions must be consistent with major decisions made by the person(s) having legal custody.
Payments made from one parent to another for the purpose of assisting in the costs of raising the child(ren). Support calculations can be complex and vary based on the amount of time each parent has placement of the child(ren) and the level of income of either or both parents.
Formerly called alimony, maintenance is a payment from one spouse to the other. When determining if maintenance should be awarded, the court will consider: the length of the marriage; the age and health of both spouses; the property division; the education of each spouse; the standard of living of each spouse and the likelihood that each is or can be self-supporting; tax consequences; agreements between the spouses; the contributions of each spouse toward the other or the family; and other factors the court deems relevant. Maintenance can be awarded for a fixed amount of time or indefinitely.
The court will attempt to divide the marital estate equally between the spouses. The marital estate consists of assets and debts acquired during the marriage. There are rules that allow certain property to be excepted from the marital estate: inheritance, gifts, etc...
How Are Child Support Calculations Made?
If one parent has primary placement, the court typically orders child support based on the following guidelines:
One Child: 17% of gross income
Two Children: 25% of gross income
Three Children: 29% of gross income
Four Children: 31% of gross income
If the parents share placement, the courts will consider the amount of child support mom would pay for the child(ren) for the time the child(ren) are with dad and offset that figure by the amount dad would pay for the time the child(ren) are with mom.
The court may use alternative formulas for high and low income child support payers. Either parent may argue for deviation from these standard calculations.